Anti-Aging Creams Are Mostly Moisturizer-Based Skin Care Products
They are usually marketed with the promise of making the consumer look younger by reducing, masking or preventing signs of skin aging.
These signs are:
- laxity (sagging),
- rhytids (wrinkles),
- and photo-aging,
- which includes erythema (redness),
- dyspigmentation (brown discolorations),
- solar elastosis (yellowing),
- atoses (abnormal growths),
- and poor texture.
Despite great demand, many anti-aging products and treatments have not been proven to give lasting or major positive effects. Doing your homework and making sure the product you're trying is legitimate is worth the extra effort.
As an example, one study found that many anti-aging creams reduced wrinkles by less than 10% over 12 weeks, which is not noticeable to the human eye. Another study found that cheap moisturizers were as effective as high-priced anti-wrinkle creams.
However, many studies have showed that some ingredients do have a positive, noticeable and beneficial effect.
And while anti-aging creams have primarily been marketed towards women, products specifically targeting men are increasingly common today.
Top Anti-Aging Ingredients
Anti-aging creams may include conventional moisturizing ingredients. They also usually contain specific anti-aging ingredients, such as:
- Retinol (for instance, in the form of retinyl palmitate). In various formulations it has been shown to reduce fine lines and pores.
- Epidermal growth factor, to stimulate cell renewal and collagen production in the skin, and strengthen elasticity and structure. In various research epidermal growth factor has been shown to reduce fine lines, wrinkles and sagging. It also has healing (wounds and burns) and anti-inflammatory properties when applied to skin.
- Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta hydroxy acids or other chemical peels. These help to dissolve the intracellular "glue" that holds dead cells together on the skin. The use of this type of product on a daily basis gradually enhances the exfoliation of the epidermis. This exposes newer skin cells and can help improve appearance. AHAs may irritate some skin, causing redness and flaking.
- Peptides, such as Matryxil and copper peptides.
- Coenzyme Q10
- Argireline (also known as acetyl hexapeptide-3). This peptide relaxes facial muscles to prevent wrinkles and fine lines from forming.
- Anti-oxidants are substances that may protect cells from the damage caused by unstable molecules known as free radicals.
- Sunscreens provide a high level of UVA protection against the effects of UVA radiation, such as wrinkles.
- Vitamin C is supposedly one of the most effective and commonly included ingredients in wrinkle creams. It is also thought to help the healing process.
The bottom line is that you need to do your homework. Make sure the anti-aging creams you are considering have quality ingredients, such as the ones listed above, and a number of reviews from real users that can vouch for the effectiveness.